Sequencing of Wheat Genome Complete

Sequencing of Wheat Genome Complete

It took 200 scientists from 20 countries and $75 million dollars, over 13 years to sequence the genome of bread wheat. The wheat genome was complicated to sequence since genetically it is three species in one. This means that there are three pairs of every chromosome, totaling 16 billion genetic letters or nucleotides. Scientists have recently published their findings in Science of precise locations of genes and molecule markers for a variety of wheat called Chinese Spring. With this knowledge, scientists are interested in manipulating the genes of wheat to produce more per acre, create allergy-resistant varieties, and disease resistance. How will this gene editing affect the market for wheat and how will it affect human health? These are some unanswered questions that must be considered before putting genetically-modified wheat on the market. Read more about the technology and findings at www.smithsonianmag.org/sequencing-wheat-genome.