Between now and 2030, the world needs to build a city of a million people every five days in developing countries. Changing diets, especially in developing countries, may lead to an increase of 70% in food consumption. Farmers must produce more food per unit of land, water and agrochemicals to meet this demand. Additionally, they will have to face the adverse effects of climate change, potential catastrophic events such as hurricanes, economic volatility, shifting diets and nutrition needs, and increasing scarcity of most of the physical inputs of production. Agriculture is at the threshold of a paradigm shift. Rather than having a more food production approach which is outdated and unresponsive, communities have to innovate and implement agri-food systems which are environmentally sustainable for the long-term.